know

know know verb (knew known ) (not used in the progressive tenses 不用于进行时) ›› HAVE INFORMATION 知悉 1. know (of / about sth) to have information in your mind as a result of experience or because you have learned or been told it • 知道;知悉;了解: ▪ [VN]
»Do you know his address?
你知道他的地址吗?
»The cause of the fire is not yet known.
火灾的原因尚不清楚。
»All I know is that she used to work in a bank (= I have no other information about her).
我只知道她曾在银行工作过。
▪ [V (that)]
»I know (that) peopleˈs handwriting changes as they get older.
我知道人们的笔迹随着年龄的增长而变化。
▪ [VN that]
»It is widely known that CFCs can damage the ozone layer.
众所周知氯氟烃会破坏臭氧层。
▪ [V wh-]
»I knew where he was hiding.
我知道他藏在哪里。
»I didnˈt know what he was talking about.
我不知道他在谈什么。
▪ [V]
»ˈYouˈve got a flat tyre.ˈ ˈI know.ˈ
"你的车胎瘪了。" "我知道。"
»ˈWhatˈs the answer?ˈ ˈI donˈt know.ˈ
"答案是什么?" "我不知道。"
»ˈThereˈs no six in.ˈ ˈ How do you know? ˈ
"一个人都没有。" "你怎么知道呢?"
»You know about Amandaˈs baby, donˈt you?
你知道阿曼达的小宝宝吧?
»I donˈt know about you, but Iˈm ready for something to eat.
不管你怎么样,反正我要吃点东西。
»I know of at least ten people who did the same thing.
我知道至少有两人干过同样的事。
»ˈIs anyone else coming?ˈ ˈ Not that I know of. ˈ
"还有别的人要来吗?" "据我所知没有了。"
»ˈIsnˈt that his car?ˈ ˈ I wouldnˈt know. / How should I know? (= I donˈt know and I am not the person you should ask.) ˈ
"那不是他的汽车吗?" "我怎么会知道呢?"
»(informal) ˈWhat are you ten whispering about?ˈ ˈ You donˈt want to know (= because you would be shocked or wouldnˈt approve).ˈ
"你们俩在说什么悄悄话?" "你还是不知道的好。"
▪ [V to inf]
»Does he know to come here (= that he should come here) first?
他知道要先到这儿来吗?
▪ [VN to inf]
»We know her to be honest.
我们知道她很诚实。
»Two women are known to have died.
据悉两名妇女死了。
--› see also need-to-know ›› REALIZE 意识到 2. to realize, understand or be aware of sth • 认识到;懂得;意识到: ▪ [V (that)]
»As soon as I walked in the room I knew (that) something was wrong.
我刚走进屋就意识到出了事。
»She knew she was dying.
她知道自己快死了。
▪ [V wh-]
»I knew perfectly well what she meant.
我完全懂她的意思。
»I know exactly how you feel.
我非常清楚你的感受。
▪ [VN]
»This case is hopeless and he knows it (= although he will not admit it).
这个案子毫无希望,这一点他是清楚的。
▪ [V]
»ˈMartin was lying all the time.ˈ ˈ I should have known.ˈ
"马丁一直在撒谎。" "我本该察觉到的。"
›› FEEL CERTAIN 确信 3. to feel certain about sth • 确信;确知;肯定: ▪ [V (that)]
»He knew (that) he could trust her.
他确信她是可以信赖的。
»I know itˈs here somewhere!
我肯定它在这儿某个地方!
»I donˈt know that I can finish it by next week.
我没有把握能在下周完成。
▪ [VN]
»ˈYou were right—someoneˈs been spreading rumours about you.ˈ ˈI knew it!ˈ
"你说得对——有人一直在散布你的谣言。" "我早就知道!"
▪ [V]
»ˈSheˈs the worst player in the team.ˈ ˈOh, I donˈt know (= I am not sure that I agree) —she played well yesterday.ˈ
"她是最糟的队员。" "哦,是吗?—— 她昨天表现可不错。"
--› see also donˈt-know ›› BE FAMILIAR 熟悉 4. [VN] to be familiar with a person, place, thing, etc. • 熟悉;认识;了解:
»Iˈve known David for 20 years.
我认识戴维已有 20 年了。
»Do you ten know each other (= have you met before) ?
你们俩认识吗?
»Sheˈs very nice when you get to know her.
你了解她以后就会觉得她非常可爱。
»Knowing Ben, we could be waiting a long time (= it is typical of him to be late).
本这个人我们了解,能叫我们等很长时间。
»This man is known to the police (= as a criminal).
这男人是在警方挂了号的。
»I know Paris well.
我很熟悉巴黎。
»Do you know the play (= have you seen or read it before) ?
你知道这出戏吗?
»The new rules could mean the end of football as we know it (= in the form that we are familiar with).
这些新规则可能意味着我们熟悉的足球终结了。
›› REPUTATION 名声 5. know sb / sth as sth | know sb / sth for sth [usually passive] to think that sb / sth is a particular type of person or thing or has particular characteristics • 把…看作是;认为…是: ▪ [VN]
»Itˈs known as the most dangerous part of the city.
人们都认为那是市内最危险的地段。
»She is best known for her work on the human brain.
她在对人脑的研究方面最为知名。
▪ [VN to inf]
»Heˈs known to be an outstanding physicist.
他被公认为杰出的物理学家。
›› GIVE NAME 命名 6. [VN] know sb / sth as sth [usually passive] to give sb / sth a particular name or title • 将…称为;把…叫做:
»The drug is commonly known as Ecstasy.
这种致幻药通常称作摇头丸。
»Peter Wilson, also known as ˈthe Tigerˈ.
彼得 · 威尔逊,也称"老虎"。
›› RECOGNIZE 认出 7. [VN] to be able to recognize sb / sth • 能认出;能辨认出:
»I couldnˈt see who was speaking, but I knew the voice.
我看不到谁在讲话,但我能辨认出声音。
»She knows a bargain when she sees one.
她一看就知道有没有便宜可捡。
›› DISTINGUISH 区分 8. [VN] know sb / sth from sb / sth to be able to distinguish six person or thing from another • 能区分;能分辨 【SYN】 differentiate :
»I hope we have taught our children to know right from wrong.
我希望我们教给了孩子分辨是非的能力。
›› SKILL / LANGUAGE 技能;语言 9. to have learned a skill or language and be able to use it • 学会;掌握: ▪ [VN]
»Do you know any Japanese?
你会日语吗?
▪ [V wh-]
»Do you know how to use spreadsheets?
你知道电子数据表的使用方法吗?
›› EXPERIENCE 经历 10. (only used in the perfect tenses 仅用于完成时) to have seen, heard or experienced sth • 看到过;听到过;经历过 ▪ [VN inf VN to inf]
»Iˈve never known it (to) snow in July before.
我以前从未见到过七月份下雪。
▪ [VN to inf]
»He has been known to spend all morning in the bathroom.
听说他整个上午都呆在盥洗室里。
11. [VN] to have personal experience of sth • 亲身体验;亲身经历:
»He has known both poverty and wealth.
他贫富生活都亲身经历过。
»She may be successful now, but she has known what it is like to be poor.
她现在可能成功了,但她尝过贫穷的滋味。
【IDIOMS】 before you know where you ˈare • very quickly or suddenly • 瞬息之间;转眼间;一下子:
»We were whisked off in a taxi before we knew where we were.
还没等我们弄清怎么回事,出租车就一阵风似地把我们带走了。
be not to ˈknow • to have no way of realizing or being aware that you have done sth wrong • 无从知道,并不知道(做错了事):
»ˈIˈm sorry, I called when you were in bed.ˈ ˈDonˈt worry—you werenˈt to know.ˈ
"对不起,你睡觉时打电话打扰你了。" "别在意——你不是故意的嘛。"
for all you, I, they, etc. know • (informal) used to emphasize that you do not know sth and that it is not important to you • (强调不知道对自己无关紧要的事)不知道,说不定,亦未可知:
»She could be dead for all I know.
她说不定已经死了。
God / goodness / Heaven knows (informal) 1. used to emphasize that you do not know sth • (强调不知道)谁知道,天晓得:
»God knows what else they might find.
谁知道他们还可能找到什么。
»ˈWhere are they?ˈ ˈGoodness knows.ˈ
"他们在哪儿?" "天晓得。"
【HELP】Some people may find the use of God knows offensive. • 有人可能认为用 God knows 含冒犯意。 2. used to emphasize the truth of what you are saying • (强调所言属实)老天作证,确实,的确:
»She ought to pass the exam—goodness knows sheˈs been working hard enough.
她应该考合格——她可真够努力了。
I donˈt know how, why, etc.... • (informal) used to criticize sbˈs behaviour • (批评某人的行为)真想不到,真不知道:
»I donˈt know how you can say things like that.
真想不到你怎么会说出这种话来。
I know (informal) 1. used to agree with sb or to show sympathy • (表示同意或同情)我理解,我有同感,我知道:
»ˈWhat a ridiculous situation!ˈ ˈI know.ˈ
"这境况真荒唐!" "的确是。"
2. used to introduce a new idea or suggestion • (引出新的想法或建议)我有个主意(或办法、建议):
»I know, letˈs see whatˈs on at the theatre.
我有主意了,咱们看看剧院在上演什么。
know sth as well as ˈI do • used to criticize sb by saying that they should realize or understand sth • (用以批评)其实完全明白,哪会不知道,知道得很清楚:
»You know as well as I do that youˈre being unreasonable.
其实你完全明白你是在故意胡搅蛮缠。
know sb / sth ˈbackwards •(informal, especially BrE) to know sb / sth extremely well • 对…了如指掌(或倒背如流);把…背得滚瓜烂熟:
»She must know the play backwards by now.
她现在对这个剧本肯定是倒背如流。
know ˈbest • to know what should be done, etc. better than other people • 最懂得,最知道,比谁都明白(该怎么做,等等):
»The doctor told you to stay in bed, and she knows best.
医生叫你卧牀休息,她最清楚你该怎么做。
know better (than that / than to do sth) • to be sensible enough not to do sth • 明白事理(而不至于);不至于糊涂到:
»He knows better than to judge by appearances.
他明白得很,决不会凭表面现象来判断。
know sb by ˈsight • to recognize sb without knowing them well • 与某人面熟 know ˈdifferent / ˈotherwise •(informal) to have information or evidence that the opposite is true • 所知道的不是那么回事;所掌握的情况大不一样(或大相迳庭):
»He says he doesnˈt care about what the critics write, but I know different.
他说他并不在乎批评家的评论,可我知道不是那么回事。
know full ˈwell • to be very aware of a fact and unable to deny or ignore it • 非常清楚;不可否认;不可忽视:
»He knew full well what she thought of it.
他非常清楚她对此事的看法。
know sb / sth inside ˈout | know sb / sth like the back of your ˈhand •(informal) to be very familiar with sth • 对…极为熟悉(或了如指掌):
»This is where I grew up. I know this area like the back of my hand.
我在这儿长大的,我对这地方再熟悉不过了。
know your own ˈmind • to have very firm ideas about what you want to do • 知道自己想做什么;有主见 know your ˈstuff •(informal) to know a lot about a particular subject or job • 精通业务;对工作很内行 know your way aˈround • to be familiar with a place, subject, etc. • 熟悉周围情况(或课题等) know what youˈre ˈtalking about •(informal) to have knowledge about sth from your own experience • 亲身经历过;作经验之谈 know which side your ˈbread is buttered •(informal) to know where you can get an advantage for yourself • 知道自己的利益所在 let it be known / make it known that... •(formal) to make sure that people are informed about sth, especially by getting sb else to tell them • (尤指通过他人传达而)使人知晓,让人知道:
»The President has let it be known that he does not intend to run for election again.
总统已经公开表示他不打算再次参加竞选。
let sb ˈknow • to tell sb about sth • 让某人知道;告诉(或通知)某人:
»Let me know how I can help.
我能帮什么忙,只管说。
make yourself ˈknown to sb • to introduce yourself to sb • 向某人作自我介绍:
»I made myself known to the hotel manager.
我向旅馆老板作了自我介绍。
not know any ˈbetter • to behave badly, usually because you have not been taught the correct way to behave • (因缺乏教养而)表现不好;因无人指教而举止不良 not know your ˌarse from your ˈelbow (BrE, taboo, slang) • to be very stupid or completely lacking in skill • 愚蠢之至;屁都不懂 not know ˈbeans about sth (NAmE, informal) • to know nothing about a subject • 完全不懂行;对…一窍不通 not know the first thing aˈbout sb / sth • to know nothing at all about sb / sth • 对…一无所知;对…一窍不通 not know sb from ˈAdam •(informal) to not know at all who sb is • 根本不认识某人;与某人素不相识 not know what ˈhit you •(informal) to be so surprised by sth that you do not know how to react • 因吃惊而不知所措;惊呆了 not know where to ˈlook •(informal) to feel great embarrassment and not know how to react • 尴尬得不知如何是好;狼狈不堪;感到很难堪 not know whether youˈre ˈcoming or ˈgoing •(informal) to be so excited or confused that you cannot behave or think in a sensible way • (激动得)不知如何是好;糊里糊涂;不知所措 not know you are ˈborn (BrE, informal) • to have an easy life without realizing how easy it is • 身在福中不知福:
»You people without kids donˈt know youˈre born.
你们没孩子,真是身在福中不知福啊。
thereˈs no ˈknowing • used to say that it is impossible to say what might happen • 难以预料;无从知道;没法说:
»Thereˈs no knowing how heˈll react.
很难预料他会有什么样的反应。
what does... know? • used to say that sb knows nothing about the subject you are talking about • (某人)知道什么,懂什么:
»What does he know about football, anyway?
不管怎么说,他懂什么足球?
what do you ˈknow? • (informal) used to express surprise • (表示惊奇)你看怪不怪,真没想到:
»Well, what do you know? Look whoˈs here!
唷,真想不到!你看谁来啦!
ˌyou ˈknow (informal) 1. used when you are thinking of what to say next • (说话人考虑接着说什么时用):
»Well, you know, itˈs difficult to explain.
唉,你知道,这很难解释。
2. used to show that what you are referring to is known or understood by the person you are speaking to • (表示对方知道或了解所言)你知道的:
»Guess who Iˈve just seen? Maggie! You know—Jimˈs wife.
你猜我刚才看见谁了,玛吉!你难道不知道——吉姆的妻子呀。
»You know that restaurant round the corner? Itˈs closed down.
拐角那家餐馆,你知道吧?已经倒闭了。
3. used to emphasize sth that you are saying • (加强语气)你要知道:
»Iˈm not stupid, you know.
你要知道,我不是傻子。
you ˈknow something / ˈwhat? • (informal) used to introduce an interesting or surprising opinion, piece of news, etc. • (引出令人感兴趣或吃惊的看法、消息等)要我告诉你吗,你听说了吗:
»You know something? Iˈve never really enjoyed Christmas.
要我告诉你吗?圣诞节我从未真正快乐过。
you know ˈwho / ˈwhat • (informal) used to refer to sb / sth without mentioning a name • (不说出名称)你知道是谁/什么 you never know • (informal) used to say that you can never be certain about what will happen in the future, especially when you are suggesting that sth good might happen • (尤指可能会发生好事)很难说,很难预料 --› more at answer n., cost n., day , devil , far adv., lord n., old , pat adv., rope n., thing , truth noun in the ˈknow (informal) having more information about sth than most people • 知情;熟悉内幕;掌握内情:
»Somebody in the know told me heˈs going to resign.
有知情者告诉我他要辞职了。
* * *
[nәu]
v. 知道, 了解, 認識, 熟悉, 認出, 分辨, 確信

English-Chinese dictionary. 2013.

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  • know — know; fore·know; fore·know·able; fore·know·er; fore·know·ing·ly; know·abil·i·ty; know·able; know·er; know·ing·ly; know·ing·ness; mis·know; pre·know; un·know·en; know·ing; un·know; know·able·ness; un·know·ably; un·know·ing·ness; …   English syllables

  • Know — (n[=o]), v. t. [imp. {Knew} (n[=u]); p. p. {Known} (n[=o]n); p. pr. & vb. n. {Knowing}.] [OE. knowen, knawen, AS. cn[ a]wan; akin to OHG. chn[ a]an (in comp.), Icel. kn[ a] to be able, Russ. znate to know, L. gnoscere, noscere, Gr. gighw skein,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • know — ► VERB (past knew; past part. known) 1) have knowledge of through observation, inquiry, or information. 2) be absolutely sure of something. 3) be familiar or friendly with. 4) have a good command of (a subject or language). 5) have personal… …   English terms dictionary

  • know — [nō] vt. knew, known, knowing [ME knowen < OE cnawan, akin to OHG cnāhan < IE base * ĝen , *ĝnō , to know, apprehend > CAN1, KEN, L gnoscere, to know, Gr gignōskein] 1. to have a clear perception or understanding of; be sure of or well… …   English World dictionary

  • Know — Know, v. i. 1. To have knowledge; to have a clear and certain perception; to possess wisdom, instruction, or information; often with of. [1913 Webster] Israel doth not know, my people doth not consider. Is. i. 3. [1913 Webster] If any man will do …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • know of — (someone/something) to have information about someone or something. Do you know of a way to remove this stain? We ve never met, but I certainly know of him. Usage notes: also used in the spoken phrase not that I know of I do not know: “Is he home …   New idioms dictionary

  • know — The expression you know, inserted parenthetically in a sentence in speech, sometimes has real meaning, e.g. in introducing extra information that the hearer is likely to know already, but generally it is a meaningless sentence filler like I mean …   Modern English usage

  • Know — (n[=o]), n. Knee. [Obs.] Chaucer. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • know — I verb absorb, apperceive, appreciate, apprehend, assimilate, be apprised of, be informed, cognize, comprehend, conceive, conclude, conjecture, deduce, digest, discern, fathom, find, gather, glean, grasp, identify, infer, internalize, learn,… …   Law dictionary

  • know — [v1] understand information apperceive, appreciate, apprehend, be acquainted, be cognizant, be conversant in, be informed, be learned, be master of, be read, be schooled, be versed, cognize, comprehend, differentiate, discern, discriminate,… …   New thesaurus

  • Know HR — is an online magazine about human resources processes, employee motivation, and executive compensation. It is syndicated on Reuters, IBS, and The Palm Beach Post.External links* [http://www.knowhr.com/blog/ KnowHR Blog] *… …   Wikipedia

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